The most popular steel substrates in the metal roofing and siding industry are Galvanized and Galvalume. Galvanized substrates are coated in zinc, while Galvalume substrates are coated with an alloy of zinc plus aluminum. Both Galvalume and Galvanized are good substrates for metal panels.
With Galvanized substrates, the greater the amount of zinc the greater the protection against panel corrosion. Two commonly used Galvanized substrates are designated as G100 and G60. These designations relate to the total amount of zinc contained on both sides of the panel surfaces. G100 contains 1.0 ounce of zinc for every one square foot of panel while G60 substrates contain 0.6 ounces of zinc. The important fact to consider is that a G100 substrate contains 66% more protective zinc than a G60 substrate. This difference will have a direct correlation to panel longevity and long-term aesthetics of your project.
For most applications, Galvalume substrates offer the best long-term solution, and Galvalume's superior performance has been proven in the field. Over four decades of testing has shown that Galvalume delivers superior corrosion resistance compared to Galvanized panels. In fact, Galvalume's performance in the construction industry has been so superior, that steel mills warranty it against rupture, perforation, or failure due to corrosion. Similar warranties do not exist for Galvanized.
In one test, unpainted Galvalume and Galvanized panels were placed in four different types of outdoor environments, including normal marine and a rural setting. The harsher the surroundings, the better Galvalume performed. After 23 years of side-by-side comparison in all areas, Galvalume was two to four times more durable than Galvanized.
The coating system, or paint, for metal panels is just as important as the substrate. For the life of the panel, the surface, or coating, will be exposed to environmental elements - ultraviolet sun rays, acid rain, dirt, etc. Over time, these environmental conditions will break down the coating resulting in panel fade and chalk. Fade and chalk are not pleasing to the eye, and the degree of fade and chalk is directly related to the coating system. The most popular coatings for metal panels are Kynar 500 (PVDF), Silicone Modified Polyester (SMP) and Polyester. Of the three, Kynar 500 (PVDF) coatings provide the best protection against fade and chalk and are proven to provide the best long-term performance.
Both Kynar 500 (PVDF) and Silicone Modified Polyester (SMP) panels were installed on this project in Louisiana. On day one, the colors were identical. The above photo, taken eight (8) years later shows fading and chalking of the now lighter SMP panels. Note, no fade or chalking on the darker Kynar 500 (PVDF) panels.
The building below dramatically illustrates Kynar 500’s superior performance. This building was built in two phases, nine (9) years apart. Note, no color difference in the two halves of the roof. No Fade! No Chalk!
As indicated above, high performing substrates and coatings are important when long-term performance and aesthetics are important. Warranties are also a consideration when selecting a metal panel. Consumers often associate warranty with dependability and performance. This is not necessarily the case. Just because a warranty has an extended time frame (45 years or even a “lifetime”), it does not necessarily mean that the warranty is better or that the product offers better performance. We encourage you to fully read and understand your supplier’s warranties. Learn more about roofing warranties.